Micro-computed tomography (microCT) is an imaging technique that uses x-rays to produce cross-sectional images of an object that can be reconstructed to create a three-dimensional model. It allows for non-destructive quantitative analysis of the density, geometry and microarchitecture of mineralized or high-density material, particularly bone and biomaterials stained with contrast chemicals. The reason the technique is called micro-computed tomography is that the pixels are in the micrometer range; much smaller than conventional clinical computed tomography (CT) scanners. However, with an increase in resolution comes a decrease in the field of view that can be imaged. This means that microCT can only be performed on small specimens such as human biopsies or animal bones.
In the Bouxsein Lab, we perform microCT scanning using two Scanco uCT40 scanners. The Scanco uCT40 can obtain resolutions as low as 6 μm and can contain specimens up to 36 mm in diameter and 80 mm in length. The setup uses a cone-beam system for scanning and the x-ray source and detector remain stationary while the specimen is rotated. Four computers are available to perform analysis. A wide variety of results can be produced and many analyses are available, including:
- Trabecular bone analysis
- Cortical bone analysis
- 2D & 3D images
- Finite element analysis
Details regarding use of μCT for analysis of rodent specimens can be found in the guidelines authored by Dr. Bouxsein and colleagues. PDF
Additional information on the specifications of our system can be found on the Scanco website.
We are also able to prepare your specimens if it is helpful to you. This includes dissection, removal of requested bones, and preservation of bones. We typically use the femur, tibia and/or lumbar vertebrae for scanning and analysis, but we are able to remove and scan any bones at your request. We are able to work with specimens that are frozen, or fixed in ethanol or formalin.